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Friday, May 24, 2013
Omega-3 fatty acids are nutrients essential for human growth and development. Fatty acids are present in every cell of the body and have many potential health benefits. These include reducing triglycerides in the blood and reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke. In addition, omega-3 fatty acids help lower blood pressure and reduce symptoms of other conditions including depression, attention deficient disorder (ADD), joint pain, muscle pain and certain skin conditions. Omega-3 fatty acids are also currently being studied to determine if they reduce side effects for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Research suggests two ways that omega-3 fatty acids produce these benefits: by boosting the immune system and by decreasing inflammation.
High amounts of omega-3 fatty acids can be found in some foods such as salmon, flax seeds, and walnuts. Research shows that eating foods naturally high in omega-3s may be more effective than taking a supplement. In addition to eating high omega-3 fish such as salmon and tuna at least twice a week, these simple cooking and food tips, followed by some sample recipes, will give you good ideas on easy ways to add omega-3s to your daily routine and help increase the levels in your diet:
3 high omega-3 eggs, beaten
1 c. canola oil
2 c. sugar
2 c. ripe bananas, mashed
2 c. unbleached flour
1 c. whole wheat flour
1 tsp. salt
¼ tsp. baking powder
1 tsp. baking soda
3 tsp. cinnamon
1 tsp. nutmeg
¼ c. ground flaxseed
¼ c. English walnuts, chopped
Beat eggs, oil, sugar and bananas until smooth. Add dry ingredients and beat just until mixed. Divide batter into two 9x5? loaf pans, sprayed with canola oil.
Bake on lowest rack in oven at 350 degrees for 55-60 minutes or until knife inserted in center comes out clean. (May need to lightly cover with foil for last 10 minutes to prevent over-browning).
~3g ALA (plant omega-3s)
TUNA CHEESE BALL DIP
8oz light cream cheese (Neufchatel)
¼ tsp. hot pepper sauce
1 Tbsp. light mayonnaise or salad dressing
½ tsp. garlic powder
6oz can Albacore tuna, drained
1 oz (14 halves) English walnuts, chopped
Combine all ingredients but tuna and nuts. Cream with mixer until smooth. Stir in tuna. Form into a ball or spoon into serving dish. Sprinkle with chopped walnuts if desired. Refrigerate and serve with crackers.
~1.5g ALA (plant omega-3s)
~0.750g EPA+DHA (marine omega-3s)
Last Reviewed: Nov 17, 2011
Tonya Orchard, PhD, RD, LD
Visiting Assistant Professor of Human Nutrition
College of Education and Human Ecology
The Ohio State University