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Urinary Tract Cancers

The urinary system is compriesed of the organs, tubes, muscles, and nerves that work together to create, store, and carry urine.  This includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, two sphincter muscles, the urethra, and - in men - the prostate.  Your body takes nutrients from food and uses them to maintain all bodily functions including energy and self-repair. After your body has taken what it needs from the food, waste products are left behind in the blood and in the bowel. The urinary system works with the lungs, skin, and intestines-all of which also excrete wastes-to keep the chemicals and water in your body balanced. Adults eliminate about a quart and a half of urine each day. The amount depends on many factors, especially the amounts of fluid and food a person consumes and how much fluid is lost through sweat and breathing. Certain types of medications can also affect the amount of urine eliminated.

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Understanding Urinary Tract Cancers

  • Genitourinary Cancers (National Cancer Institute)
  • Bladder Cancer (Patient Education Materials)
  • Kidney Cancer (ADAM)
  • Penile Cancer (ADAM)
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Renal Pelvis or Ureter Cancer (ADAM)
  • Testicular Cancer (Patient Education Materials)
  • Upper Urinary Tract Cancer (American Urological Foundation)
  • Urethral Cancer (National Cancer Institute)
  • Wilms' Tumor (ADAM)
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  • Commonly Asked Questions


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  • Asking Questions & Talking with Your Doctor (American Cancer Society)
  • Bladder Cancer: Questions to Ask the Doctor (Coalition of Cancer Cooperative Groups)
  • Bladder Cancer: The Basics
  • Frequently Asked Questions About Penile Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer: Questions to Ask the Doctor (American Cancer Society)
  • Kidney Cancer: The Basics
  • Penile Cancer: Questions to Ask the Doctor
  • Prostate Cancer: Questions to Ask the Doctor (Coalition of Cancer Cooperative Groups)
  • Questions and Answers About Testicular Cancer (University of Rochester Medical Center)
  • Testicular Cancer: Questions to Ask the Doctor (American Cancer Society)
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    University of Cincinnati

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    Last Updated: Apr 28, 2014