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HIV and AIDS

Is SCIDS A Form Of HIV or AIDS?

07/22/1999

Question:

Is SCIDS a form of AIDS or HIV?

Answer:

Absolutely not! The acronym `SCIDS` refers to Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome, which is one of the primary immunodeficiencies: a genetically determined, inheritable disorder of the immune system. These infants rarely survive past their second year of life, although milder forms may be treatable with bone marrow transplantation. The acronym `AIDS` stands for the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, a secondary immunodeficiency, in which immune defects are caused by (or secondary to) a virus, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, abbreviated as HIV. Both SCIDS and AIDS result in increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections, but through different mechanisms.

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Response by:

Lisa A Haglund, MD Lisa A Haglund, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
College of Medicine
University of Cincinnati