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Smoking and Tobacco

Smoking is it Really good for you

01/25/2002

Question:

What effects of second hand smoking is there.

Answer:

The National Institutes of Health`s National Toxicology Program`s 9th issue of the Report on Carcinogens listed ETS (environmental tobacco smoke) as a `known` human carcinogen, which indicates that there is a cause and effect relationship between exposure and human cancer incidence.

• ETS is classified as a Group A carcinogen (known to cause cancer in humans) under the EPA`s carcinogen assessment guidelines. Exposure to ETS causes lung cancer and has been linked to an increased risk for heart disease in nonsmokers.

• ETS causes about 3,000 lung cancer deaths annually among adult nonsmokers. Scientific studies have also estimated that ETS accounts for as many as 62,000 deaths from coronary heart disease annually in the United States. More research is needed to know exactly how recent changes in ETS exposure may affect lung cancer rates among adult nonsmokers.

• ETS causes serious respiratory problems in children, such as greater number and severity of asthma attacks and lower respiratory tract infections. ETS exposure increases the risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and middle ear infections for children. For more information, please visit the CDC web site listed.

Related Resources:

Secondhand Smoke Causes Heart Disease and Lung Cancer in Adults
Secondhand Smoke Causes Death and Sickness in Children

For more information:

Go to the Smoking and Tobacco health topic, where you can:

Response by:

Jerry   Friemoth, MD Jerry Friemoth, MD
Associate Professor
College of Medicine
University of Cincinnati