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Skin Care and Diseases

Sun Poisoning and Citrus Fruits

02/18/2006

Question:

I had a client tell me that eating too much pineapple and citrus fruit in Hawaii can cause you to get sun poisoning. Is there any truth to this? Did they just get sun poisoning from too much sun, or did the fruit play a role? My sister is going to Hawaii this week, and I`d like to tell her the "real truth".

Answer:

If you happen to have a sensitivity to citrus fruits or an allergy to these fruits then that in combination with sun exposure could lead to a bad skin reaction however that is not sun poisoning. However, eating these fruits by themselves should not have an effect. There are two reactions that commonly are referred to as "sun poisoning". The first is called Polymorphous Light Eruption. Women are more likely to get this than men. It occurs in susceptible individuals when they are exposed to sunlight that is more intense than usual, for example as in the first time you go out in the sun during the summer or when you expose a body part to sunlight that has no prior sunlight exposure. It may also occur if you travel to a higher latitude or lower latitude such as to a country closer to the equator where the sunlight has more strength. Normally the resulting skin-rash reaction heals within 7-10 days with no treatment as long as additional sun exposure is avoided. In the future using sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays is mandatory. (Sunlight is made up of UVA and UVB rays). Make sure the sunscreen protects against both UVB and UVA since these protective agents are more effective in preventing these breakouts. The second is called Solar Urticaria. It is a rare reaction to sun exposure. This is a true sun allergy. It develops rapidly--moments after exposure, the skin begins to itch, and then becomes red. Wheals or vesicles appear. The actual mechanism that causes this reaction is unknown, however, antihistamines are effective in treating the reactions of some patients.

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Response by:

Tatiana M Oberyszyn, PhD Tatiana M Oberyszyn, PhD
Associate Professor of Pathology
Associate Professor of Molecular Virology, Immunology & Medical Genetics
College of Medicine
The Ohio State University