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Monday, November 24, 2014
High Blood Pressure
Prehigh systolic low diastolic pressure
I have always had fairly low blood pressure but recently have had my systolic at 130 and my diastolic at 48. I am 48 years old and stopped having periods a year ago.
We consider a normal blood pressure to be 120/80 or lower. The current guidelines state that a blood pressure of over 140/90 should be treated. In people with diabetes and/or kidney disease, a blood pressure above 130/80 should be treated.
If you are otherwise healthy, you do not need to worry about your current blood pressure. You should have it rechecked about every six months, however.
Like everyone else, you should consider the following lifestyle changes (if applicable):
- Maintain a normal body weight (body mass index below 25).
- Eat a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, with reduced saturated and total fat.
- Reduce daily salt intake to 6 gm or less.
- Engage in regular aerobic physical activity (brisk walking, at least 30 minutes a day).
- Reduce alcohol consumption to no more than 2 standard drinks in men and one standard drink in women per day.
Max C Reif, MD
Professor of Medicine
Director of Hypertension Section
College of Medicine
University of Cincinnati