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Range of motion



what is active range of motion and what is passive range of motion


Passive range of motion is taking the joint through its available range using external forces, not the muscles of the joint. An example of passive motion to your left shoulder would be using your right arm to raise your left arm while your left arm stayed limp. Active range of motion is using the muscles of the joint to move. So raising your left arm by itself. This is still done in the available motion and is different than stretching.

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Response by:

Tammy S Wadsworth, PT MS OCS Tammy S Wadsworth, PT MS OCS
Sports Medicine Team Member
Clinical Instructor at The School of Allied Medical Professions
College of Medicine
The Ohio State University