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Gynecology

Uterus infection

09/23/2008

Question:

what is a uterus infection? can it stop me from becoming pregnant in the future?

Answer:

A uterus infection is a general term for when bacteria get inside, and possibly outside of the uterus. It is sometime referred to as "pelvic inflammatory disease." It can be caused by organisms that are sexually transmitted (like gonorrhea or Chlamydia) or by many other bacteria that are found in the vagina. The symptoms are pelvic pain, uterine tenderness on examination, sometimes heavy vaginal discharge and occasionally fever with or without chills. The treatment is antibiotics until the signs and symptoms disappear. Infections of the uterus sometimes decrease the chance of getting pregnant later by causing scar tissue that blocks the tubes. However, if treated effectively, fertility is not decreased in most patients. If you do not get pregnant within a year of trying, you should let your gynecologist know about your history of a uterine infection so that appropriate tests can be performed.

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Response by:

William W Hurd, MD William W Hurd, MD
Professor of Reproductive Biology
School of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University